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8/26/2021 7:33 pm  #1

History as events of the past

If we stick to this first concept , the story will remain as it was before History is the past of humanity. All those events that happened to the person, the events that happened. As Saint Augustine Hippopotamus (350-430) said, this concept of history is history itself "    
     This is the first definition of the history of everything that happened around a person. As some philosophers have said, this is the way of people And while I didn't want to go too deep into these philosophical terms, it's a term that I like because this way of being explains that the historical phenomenon is purely human.    So, to the definition of what was, it must be added that humanity must be limited. Because only man has historically constituted himself. Only man has created his own story, covering the people and the economic, human, social relationships, etc. that they have had with each other in the past.  Although, as Robert G. Collingwood would say , this is not a dead past, but a past that still exists in the present. This statement by Collingwood is food for thought. Indeed, other historical philosophers have spoken about this as well. Because this survival of the past in the present influences the study and explanation of history, as I will comment on later. This is the "present past". And I'll explain why better: for example, nationalism of the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries always goes back in time to justify the present.     Ultimately, the story in this first concept is the person's past What boundaries does this past have? This is another interesting question. You can even write an essay on this topic. If you do not know how to do this, please contact essay help .   
History as a science
According to this second definition, history is a scientific discipline, in this case human, that studies and tries to reconstruct the events of the past of humanity on the basis of epistemological criteria In this second definition, which he previously simply and simply summarized in the discipline of the past, he deals with research, study and testimony (as the Greeks would say) about the past.   The previous definition is interesting, which can be supplemented with other definitions. And the fact is that, depending on the various historiographic trends that were responsible for the study and narration of this history, different definitions of what history is as a science have been proposed. One of these definitions is that the story - it is knowledge or science, has to deal with activities that people made in the past Another more terrible definition, given by the 18th century historian Edward Gibbon, reads as follows: history is nothing more than evidence of the crimes, follies and misery of humanity ."       On the other hand, for Mark Bloch, founder of the School of the Annals, he defined history as "the science of people in time ." A short definition that hides much behind this ever since Bloch put men first, not the past. In fact, the word "past", because for Bloch, does not appear. Under the influence of this new school of historiography, the French historian put man ahead of time. The time that has not passed, but modern society, created by man. A complete history that avoids chronologies and periodizations.       
History and historical facts
Finally, it also seems appropriate to me to highlight the empiricists' definition that history is a collection of verified facts Because this empiricism is associated with nineteenth-century positivists who would say that history should show what really happened Also, history is still being studied and all facts are being investigated anew and anew. If you would like to learn this - you need years of study at the university, which, of course, cannot go smoothly. If you run into problems with your history homework - ask the experts for history homework help .   As a result of this, great importance will be attached to the facts that have replenished the books of the positivists. These are documents, inscriptions, archaeological records, etc. And from these facts one could draw conclusions. But here an interesting question arises: what is a historical fact?   




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